The "national interest waiver" (NIW) is an achievement-based opportunity for a green card through self petition. It means that the requirements for a job offer and labor certification should be waived in order to advance the national interest.
The threshold requirement for a national interest waiver is a master's degree or "exceptional ability" in your field.
In 2016, AAO’s decision in Matter of Dhanasar established a three-part test. You must meet all three parts to qualify for a national interest waiver: